Spell Numbers Using Excel VBA

How to display the value of a number in words in Excel
Many website visitors to familycomputerclub.com asked this question: how to display the value of a number or figure in words e.g.value 100 in one cell to be displayed in words as one hundred in another cell.

We searched this function from the Microsoft support site:
How to create the sample function Called SpellNumber
You can copy and paste the code for SpellNumber function in your Visual Basic Editor and experience it in action.

Download a sample Excel file:

Option Explicit
‘Main Function
Function SpellNumber(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Dollars, Cents, Temp
Dim DecimalPlace, Count
ReDim Place(9) As String
Place(2) = ” Thousand ”
Place(3) = ” Million ”
Place(4) = ” Billion ”
Place(5) = ” Trillion ”
‘ String representation of amount.
MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
‘ Position of decimal place 0 if none.
DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, “.”)
‘ Convert cents and set MyNumber to dollar amount.
If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
Cents = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
“00”, 2))
MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace – 1))
End If
Count = 1
Do While MyNumber <> “”
Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
If Temp <> “” Then Dollars = Temp & Place(Count) & Dollars
If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) – 3)
Else
MyNumber = “”
End If
Count = Count + 1
Loop
Select Case Dollars
Case “”
Dollars = “No Dollars”
Case “One”
Dollars = “One Dollar”
Case Else
Dollars = Dollars & ” Dollars”
End Select
Select Case Cents
Case “”
Cents = ” and No Cents”
Case “One”
Cents = ” and One Cent”
Case Else
Cents = ” and ” & Cents & ” Cents”
End Select
SpellNumber = Dollars & Cents
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 100-999 into text
Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Result As String
If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
MyNumber = Right(“000” & MyNumber, 3)
‘ Convert the hundreds place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & ” Hundred ”
End If
‘ Convert the tens and ones place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
Else
Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
End If
GetHundreds = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 10 to 99 into text.
Function GetTens(TensText)
Dim Result As String
Result = “” ‘ Null out the temporary function value.
If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then ‘ If value between 10-19…
Select Case Val(TensText)
Case 10: Result = “Ten”
Case 11: Result = “Eleven”
Case 12: Result = “Twelve”
Case 13: Result = “Thirteen”
Case 14: Result = “Fourteen”
Case 15: Result = “Fifteen”
Case 16: Result = “Sixteen”
Case 17: Result = “Seventeen”
Case 18: Result = “Eighteen”
Case 19: Result = “Nineteen”
Case Else
End Select
Else ‘ If value between 20-99…
Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
Case 2: Result = “Twenty ”
Case 3: Result = “Thirty ”
Case 4: Result = “Forty ”
Case 5: Result = “Fifty ”
Case 6: Result = “Sixty ”
Case 7: Result = “Seventy ”
Case 8: Result = “Eighty ”
Case 9: Result = “Ninety ”
Case Else
End Select
Result = Result & GetDigit _
(Right(TensText, 1)) ‘ Retrieve ones place.
End If
GetTens = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 1 to 9 into text.
Function GetDigit(Digit)
Select Case Val(Digit)
Case 1: GetDigit = “One”
Case 2: GetDigit = “Two”
Case 3: GetDigit = “Three”
Case 4: GetDigit = “Four”
Case 5: GetDigit = “Five”
Case 6: GetDigit = “Six”
Case 7: GetDigit = “Seven”
Case 8: GetDigit = “Eight”
Case 9: GetDigit = “Nine”
Case Else: GetDigit = “”
End Select
End Function

Next we tweaked the function a little bit so that it does display the ‘dollars’ and the ‘cents’ and displays only the number. The changed areas are made bold and italics. You can, of course, tweak it further like we have done below.

Option Explicit
‘Main Function
Function SpellNumber(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Dollars, Cents, Temp
Dim DecimalPlace, Count
ReDim Place(9) As String
Place(2) = ” Thousand ”
Place(3) = ” Million ”
Place(4) = ” Billion ”
Place(5) = ” Trillion ”
‘ String representation of amount.
MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
‘ Position of decimal place 0 if none.
DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, “.”)
‘ Convert cents and set MyNumber to dollar amount.
If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
Cents = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
“00”, 2))
MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace – 1))
End If
Count = 1
Do While MyNumber <> “”
Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
If Temp <> “” Then Dollars = Temp & Place(Count) & Dollars
If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) – 3)
Else
MyNumber = “”
End If
Count = Count + 1
Loop
Select Case Dollars
Case “”
Dollars = “No Dollars”
Case “One”
Dollars = “One Dollar”
Case Else
Dollars = Dollars & “”
End Select
Select Case Cents
Case “”
Cents = ” and No Cents”
Case “One”
Cents = ” and One Cent”
Case Else
Cents = “” & Cents & “”
End Select
SpellNumber = Dollars & Cents
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 100-999 into text
Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Result As String
If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
MyNumber = Right(“000” & MyNumber, 3)
‘ Convert the hundreds place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & ” Hundred ”
End If
‘ Convert the tens and ones place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
Else
Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
End If
GetHundreds = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 10 to 99 into text.
Function GetTens(TensText)
Dim Result As String
Result = “” ‘ Null out the temporary function value.
If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then ‘ If value between 10-19…
Select Case Val(TensText)
Case 10: Result = “Ten”
Case 11: Result = “Eleven”
Case 12: Result = “Twelve”
Case 13: Result = “Thirteen”
Case 14: Result = “Fourteen”
Case 15: Result = “Fifteen”
Case 16: Result = “Sixteen”
Case 17: Result = “Seventeen”
Case 18: Result = “Eighteen”
Case 19: Result = “Nineteen”
Case Else
End Select
Else ‘ If value between 20-99…
Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
Case 2: Result = “Twenty ”
Case 3: Result = “Thirty ”
Case 4: Result = “Forty ”
Case 5: Result = “Fifty ”
Case 6: Result = “Sixty ”
Case 7: Result = “Seventy ”
Case 8: Result = “Eighty ”
Case 9: Result = “Ninety ”
Case Else
End Select
Result = Result & GetDigit _
(Right(TensText, 1)) ‘ Retrieve ones place.
End If
GetTens = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 1 to 9 into text.
Function GetDigit(Digit)
Select Case Val(Digit)
Case 1: GetDigit = “One”
Case 2: GetDigit = “Two”
Case 3: GetDigit = “Three”
Case 4: GetDigit = “Four”
Case 5: GetDigit = “Five”
Case 6: GetDigit = “Six”
Case 7: GetDigit = “Seven”
Case 8: GetDigit = “Eight”
Case 9: GetDigit = “Nine”
Case Else: GetDigit = “”
End Select
End Function

We have further modified the function to display decimals also as numbers. The modifications are highlighted:

Option Explicit
‘Main Function
Function SpellNumber(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Dollars, Cents, Temp
Dim DecimalPlace, Count
ReDim Place(9) As String
Place(2) = ” Thousand ”
Place(3) = ” Million ”
Place(4) = ” Billion ”
Place(5) = ” Trillion ”
‘ String representation of amount.
MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
‘ Position of decimal place 0 if none.
DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, “.”)
‘ Convert cents and set MyNumber to dollar amount.
If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
Cents = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
“00”, 2))
MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace – 1))
End If
Count = 1
Do While MyNumber <> “”
Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
If Temp <> “” Then Dollars = Temp & Place(Count) & Dollars
If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) – 3)
Else
MyNumber = “”
End If
Count = Count + 1
Loop
Select Case Dollars
Case “”
Dollars = “No Dollars”
Case “One”
Dollars = “One Dollar”
Case Else
Dollars = Dollars & ” ”
End Select
Select Case Cents
Case “”
Cents = ” and No Cents”
Case “One”
Cents = ” and One Cent”
Case Else
Cents = ” point” & Cents & ” ”
End Select
SpellNumber = Dollars & Cents
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 100-999 into text
Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Result As String
If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
MyNumber = Right(“000” & MyNumber, 3)
‘ Convert the hundreds place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & ” Hundred ”
End If
‘ Convert the tens and ones place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
Else
Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
End If
GetHundreds = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 10 to 99 into text.
Function GetTens(TensText)
Dim Result As String
Result = “” ‘ Null out the temporary function value.
If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then ‘ If value between 10-19…
Select Case Val(TensText)
Case 10: Result = “Ten”
Case 11: Result = “Eleven”
Case 12: Result = “Twelve”
Case 13: Result = “Thirteen”
Case 14: Result = “Fourteen”
Case 15: Result = “Fifteen”
Case 16: Result = “Sixteen”
Case 17: Result = “Seventeen”
Case 18: Result = “Eighteen”
Case 19: Result = “Nineteen”
Case Else
End Select
Else ‘ If value between 20-99…
Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
Case 2: Result = “Twenty ”
Case 3: Result = “Thirty ”
Case 4: Result = “Forty ”
Case 5: Result = “Fifty ”
Case 6: Result = “Sixty ”
Case 7: Result = “Seventy ”
Case 8: Result = “Eighty ”
Case 9: Result = “Ninety ”
Case Else
End Select
Result = Result & GetDigit _
(Right(TensText, 1)) ‘ Retrieve ones place.
End If
GetTens = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 1 to 9 into text.
Function GetDigit(Digit)
Select Case Val(Digit)
Case 1: GetDigit = “One”
Case 2: GetDigit = “Two”
Case 3: GetDigit = “Three”
Case 4: GetDigit = “Four”
Case 5: GetDigit = “Five”
Case 6: GetDigit = “Six”
Case 7: GetDigit = “Seven”
Case 8: GetDigit = “Eight”
Case 9: GetDigit = “Nine”
Case Else: GetDigit = “”
End Select
End Function

Below is the modified code which displays a currency in Indian ‘Rupees’ and ‘Paise’ instead of ‘Dollars’ and ‘Cents’. Also if the singular incidence of ‘Paise’ occurs the function will display ‘Paisa’. So if you are living in China or Germany or UK you can modify the function SpellNumber accordingly. We have replaced the ‘Dollar’ and ‘Cents’ with ‘Rupees’ and ‘Paise’.

Option Explicit
‘Main Function
Function SpellNumber(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Rupees, Paise, Temp
Dim DecimalPlace, Count
ReDim Place(9) As String
Place(2) = ” Thousand ”
Place(3) = ” Million ”
Place(4) = ” Billion ”
Place(5) = ” Trillion ”
‘ String representation of amount.
MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
‘ Position of decimal place 0 if none.
DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, “.”)
‘ Convert Paise and set MyNumber to dollar amount.
If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
Paise = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
“00”, 2))
MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace – 1))
End If
Count = 1
Do While MyNumber <> “”
Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
If Temp <> “” Then Rupees = Temp & Place(Count) & Rupees
If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) – 3)
Else
MyNumber = “”
End If
Count = Count + 1
Loop
Select Case Rupees
Case “”
Rupees = “No Rupees”
Case “One”
Rupees = “One Rupee”
Case Else
Rupees = Rupees & ” Rupees”
End Select
Select Case Paise
Case “”
Paise = ” ”
Case “One”
Paise = ” and One Paisa”
Case Else
Paise = ” and ” & Paise & ” Paise”
End Select
SpellNumber = Rupees & Paise
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 100-999 into text
Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
Dim Result As String
If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
MyNumber = Right(“000” & MyNumber, 3)
‘ Convert the hundreds place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & ” Hundred ”
End If
‘ Convert the tens and ones place.
If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> “0” Then
Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
Else
Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
End If
GetHundreds = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 10 to 99 into text.
Function GetTens(TensText)
Dim Result As String
Result = “” ‘ Null out the temporary function value.
If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then ‘ If value between 10-19…
Select Case Val(TensText)
Case 10: Result = “Ten”
Case 11: Result = “Eleven”
Case 12: Result = “Twelve”
Case 13: Result = “Thirteen”
Case 14: Result = “Fourteen”
Case 15: Result = “Fifteen”
Case 16: Result = “Sixteen”
Case 17: Result = “Seventeen”
Case 18: Result = “Eighteen”
Case 19: Result = “Nineteen”
Case Else
End Select
Else ‘ If value between 20-99…
Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
Case 2: Result = “Twenty ”
Case 3: Result = “Thirty ”
Case 4: Result = “Forty ”
Case 5: Result = “Fifty ”
Case 6: Result = “Sixty ”
Case 7: Result = “Seventy ”
Case 8: Result = “Eighty ”
Case 9: Result = “Ninety ”
Case Else
End Select
Result = Result & GetDigit _
(Right(TensText, 1)) ‘ Retrieve ones place.
End If
GetTens = Result
End Function

‘ Converts a number from 1 to 9 into text.
Function GetDigit(Digit)
Select Case Val(Digit)
Case 1: GetDigit = “One”
Case 2: GetDigit = “Two”
Case 3: GetDigit = “Three”
Case 4: GetDigit = “Four”
Case 5: GetDigit = “Five”
Case 6: GetDigit = “Six”
Case 7: GetDigit = “Seven”
Case 8: GetDigit = “Eight”
Case 9: GetDigit = “Nine”
Case Else: GetDigit = “”
End Select
End Function

Now you can do something more interesting. You can save the function as an Add-In and use it when you like it in Excel.

Watch the Excel training video below to see how you can spell the numbers in Excel quickly and easily.


6 thoughts on “Spell Numbers Using Excel VBA

  1. Yashab Askari

    Sir if i need only spell number without currency as in your video how to do it?
    On your website you mentioned changes areas are bold and italic but i cant find any.
    please paste vba below if i want only spell the numbers as in your video.
    Waiting for your favorable reply soon..

    Reply
  2. Surendra

    Sir, am Surendra

    i have followed the steps which you showed in Youtube but its giving error called Compile error and Expected : expression

    Please find the screen shot as below

    Reply
  3. Amit

    Sir, would you please send me a code link which may shows the numbers as follows:
    1500.50 = One Thousand Five Hundred point Fifty Only.

    Reply

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