Hide Formula in Worksheet Without Protecting Worksheet

How to hide a formula in worksheet without protecting it with a password using VBA. We’ll use the collection object Dictionary to achieve our goal. One of the best articles on the Dictionary collection object is available at this website.

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Here are the main points for solving our problem with reference to the Dictionary variable taken from the link mentioned above:

  • A Dictionary in VBA is a collectionobject: you can store all kinds of data in it: numbers, texts, dates, arrays, ranges, variables and objects.
    ‘Every item in a Dictionary gets its own unique key.
  • With that key you can get direct access to the item (reading/writing/adapting).
    ‘The way in which the Dictionary stores items is comparable to the Collection object.
  • The Dictionary has some properties/functions/methods like .keys, .items and .removeall, that can be advantageous compared to the use of a collection.
    ‘Generally speaking you can use a Dictionary to store/group data that have a common property (key).
  • Scattered data can be integrated easily.
  • You can group all kinds of data in a Dictionary to get easy and quick access to them since they are temporarily stored in memory.
    ‘Instead of manipulating data in an Excel-worksheet on the hard disk, you can do that in memory.
  • No screenrefreshing, no autocalculation, no background backup is necessary, so it will speed up your code considerably.
  • A Dictionary can only contain unique keys. That’s why you can use the property .keys to create a list of unique strings, numbers or dates.
  • The Dictionary isn’t part of the standard VBA library.
  • It ‘s an element in the Microsoft Scripting Runtime library.

Here’s the complete VBA code:

Dim myDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
Dim myCell As Range
Dim myRng As Range
Set myRng = Range(“D2:D6”)

If myDic.Count <> myRng.Count Then
For Each myCell In myRng
‘myCell.Address is the key, myCell.FormulaR1C1 is the content
myDic.Add myCell.Address, myCell.FormulaR1C1
End If

If (Target.Count = 1) And (Not Application.Intersect(myRng, Target) Is Nothing) And (Target.HasFormula) Then
With Target
.Value = .Value
End With
End If
‘ MsgBox myDic.Count
End Sub

Further Reading:


Sample file for download and practice: